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Lesson 1 - E-shop in PHP - Directory structure

Welcome, intermediate and advanced programmers, to the continuation of the most popular course on the network - Simple object-oriented CMS in PHP (MVC). This one is for all of you who read through the course and now want to create a real-world, commercial application to start your business out, and/or to gain a more impressive addition to your portfolio (and get a really good job in IT). I will reveal techniques that I've learned over the years while developing the information system. Based on the project from the previously mentioned course, we'll program a professional and modular information system with the as much task automation as possible. We'll build a fully-functional e-shop on a re-usable system.

We'll parse PHPDoc annotations using a reflection, render forms using a framework, generate PDF invoices, provide a JSON API, render a tree menu using recursion, use foreign keys, fulltext search, transaction and lots, and lots more. To put it simply, you'll learn everything you'll need to get a job as a PHP programmer.

First and foremost, we'll show you a few screenshots of the final product (the project is so much more complex than what is seen here, but we don't have all that much space to preview all its features):

The second step in the registration process.

A generated PDF invoice.

Product filtering.

Product details.

Accounting settings.

Today's tutorial will be about improving the project structure and migrating the database.

Project structure

Real commercial applications have many classes, so splitting the structure up into models, views and controllers won't be


...End of the preview...

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In this tutorial, we'll create the directory structure based on the PSR-4 standard. We'll use namespaces to create modules and modify the database.

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Article has been written for you by David Capka
The author is a programmer, who likes web technologies and being the lead/chief article writer at He shares his knowledge with the community and is always looking to improve. He believes that anyone can do what they set their mind to.
Unicorn university The author learned IT at the Unicorn University - a prestigious college providing education on IT and economics.
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